Publication Ethics


For Authors:

  1. Research reports must be accurate and objective. Data should be presented truthfully without manipulation. Sufficient details and references should be provided to allow repeatability of the research. Follow journal writing guidelines.
  2. Ensure work is original and free of plagiarism by checking for plagiarism using an application. Cite primary literature where relevant. Use quotations to reproduce others' words appropriately. Text similarity should not exceed 22%.
  3. Do not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal or if already published. Duplicated publishing will cancel publication in this journal.
  4. Properly acknowledge all data sources used through citations and reference management.
  5. Only include as authors those who contributed significantly to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research. Ensure all authors have approved the submitted version.
  6. Disclose any conflicts of interest and sources of research funding that may influence findings or interpretation.
  7. Promptly notify the editor of any significant errors and cooperate to retract or correct the paper.
  8. Address reviewer comments in a timely manner. Delay may postpone publication.

For Editors:

  1. Editors check manuscript compliance with author guidelines on Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and References. Qualified manuscripts are sent to reviewers within 1-7 days.
  2. Editors have the right to assign reviewers according to expertise and apply the blind peer review principle. Editors ensure a fair and transparent review process by informing authors. Editors select competent reviewers and avoid conflicts of interest.
  3. Editors are objective by considering manuscript quality, not authors' background. Editors may limit manuscripts beyond journal focus and scope.
  4. Editors maintain confidentiality of manuscripts before publication. Editors critically assess potential breaches of confidentiality to reviewers.
  5. Editors do not use manuscript content without author agreement and avoid decisions given conflicts of interest.
  6. Based on reviews, editors decide to accept, reject, or request revision of manuscripts. Decisions consider validity, reader interest, journal policies, and applicable laws. Editors may consult other editors and are accountable for publications, with procedures to uphold quality and integrity.

For Reviewers:

  1. Reviewers apply blind review, not knowing author identity. Reviewers cannot discuss the manuscript with anyone except editors.
  2. Reviewers use the editor's review form to evaluate manuscripts systematically and objectively.
  3. Reviewers examine text continuity from title, abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, and references. Reviewers may report plagiarism but do not change the author's ideas. Suggested idea changes are referred to the editor.
  4. Reviewers provide constructive feedback to help authors improve their manuscript while avoiding conflicts of interest. Specific peer review information remains confidential.
  5. Reviewers respond within the designated timeframe. If unable, the reviewer informs the editor so the manuscript can be reassigned. Average review time is 14 days.